capitalism as a system "only for the rich," as a system that "suppresses the poor," as a system that is "not in solidarity," is capitalism really this system?
In other words, many commentators (mainly from the left of the thought spectrum) say that capitalism is a slave system. A system that creates the extremely rich and the extremely poor, where the poor can do nothing and the rich can do everything. According to many, the state should be the one to suppress these inequalities, that is, de facto that statist socialism is the one the right system equality, concurrency… and so on.
First, let's say - what is it capitalism?
capitalism is an economic system in which the means of production are privately owned and operated for profit. Economic parameters (eg prices) are determined through the free market (supply and demand), including labor prices, not only by state interventions (as in controlled or planned economies).
Tedy capitalism is an economic system. Economics is a science that deals with human behavior. Economics does not answer the question what the goal is rightbut he will tell you how to achieve your goals. The answers can be different, just as human behavior can be different. If you want to find sense of being, deal purely with philosophy.
Economics is a strange science. It's not factual, like history, it's not exact and almost none of economic theories is not actually terminated. Even such a basic principle of economics as the theory of supply and demand can be doubted - differently on the basis of whether you are on the side of the offerer or the demander.
Economy it is in many ways a conceited science, a science based in many respects on logic. Economics is a bit of psychology, a bit of sociology, a bit of philosophy, ethics and so on.
Solidarity and experience
The strict definition of capitalism given above shows only the basic principles of capitalism. Free market capitalism brings many very valuable aspects - one of them zkušenosti. They give the free market and capitalism to the people the freedom to try something. It is up to each individual to see if something will try or not. However, once an individual tries something, he becomes richer - at least with experience. And he can easily start again and avoid mistakes he has made in the past.
The same principle works for human society as a whole - company can try something company gain experience and company will learn.
The biggest lesson our company has learned so far is that selfishness and arrogance does not pay. In the 19th century, the situation was terrible for many. Young capitalism without experience though he drove the growth to growth growth, when the workers worked for 16 hours at a time, but thanks to this epoch raised the standard of living in the 20th century.
I will not talk here about concrete results, statistics and more. I've already covered some things in older articles, but we see most of them simply and simply around us. Western civilization, the cradle of capitalism, today has the highest standard of living in its history. In fact, no one today he is not starving, almost everyone can afford housing (whether owned or rented), a large part of the western population has access to the Internet, without television we can not imagine life. We've all gone sometime in our lives - and many of us still go - to the theater, cinemas are a popular place to relax in pop culture, books are freely available (at least in libraries). We can all vote and be elected, we can all participate in cultural, political and other events in society.
The 19th century experience is strong. The situation at that time became the basis for Marxism and later socialism / communism in the USSR and Eastern Europe. Damage that real socialism all over the world are almost incalculable, both in terms of economic damage and natural or dead damage. After this experience, the company moved back to the principles of a market economy and one could say free market. This experience has taught Western society that selfishness does not pay off. After the fall of communist regimes in most of the world, the second experiment came, the experiment capitalism without a free market.
A complex system of regulations to monitor wicked free market, It has to guard us from experience what it would be like if the free market. The problem is that our only free market experience is very old, that's the one young capitalism without experiences, which by the selfishness of the people of that time prepared the ground for later dictatorships. Today, practically no one lives who would remember this stage. Many think that a free market without regulation would "create" the same company, as a free market with no experience - as in the 19th century, and that the consequences would probably be the same. But that is a mistake.
However, the experience that is being formed for us today is that regulation is ineffectivethat state intervention They are wrongthat the state monopoly is as damaging as the monopoly of the "private enterprise" that the state also helps to create today. However, the company has probably not learned enough yet.
If restrictions and regulations on the market were lifted today, if it really started today rule capitalism and the free market, the market would begin to function on the basis of experience. As? Well, who makes up the market? People! And who has experience in history? Well, people!
Over the years, we come to the conclusion that state monopoly on the social system it is inefficient that it is bad. It is our experience. In a free market environment today, this experience would be combined with the experience of the nineteenth century and human solidarity would begin to work. Employees would be treated as business partners (they are de facto them), wages would be adequate, the actions of entrepreneurs would be much different than they were in that nineteenth century. Entrepreneurs would be aware of their responsibility based on experience. Anyone who didn't realize it would end soon.
It would work better private charitywhich would have more resources. Interpersonal solidarity and assistance would work better, so people would have results in each other closer. It's all about experience.
We, the people of the former Eastern bloc, have a certain advantage in the current situation - we have the strongest experience from the period of real socialism, we know where regulation and "economic management" can go. Today, it is mainly up to us to pass this experience on to the Western world. We can do it?