"Educational society" is one of the items on the CSSD's election program. This point outlines the direction in which soc. dem. to lead Czech education. Let's take a closer look.
We definitely insist on compulsory year of free pre-school education in a kindergarten or similar facility. Prepares child to enter school; provides him with basic habits and skills, educates him to discipline and life in a team.
- source: cssd.cz
The year of free preschool education is an interesting proposal. Many people would certainly agree with him, but - everything has its but.
The upbringing of children is fully in the hands of the parents and the state can intervene only to a minimal extent - if the child is abused, or if the parent himself asks the state for help. Here it is, of course obligation. Do you also necessarily want to give your child a year to kindergarten?
V the first part In this series, I asked if the CSSD could distinguish two terms, namely equal consumption a equal opportunities. However, the piece quoted from the election program quoted here is a typical representative of that equal consumption.
There is nothing wrong with enabling free pre-school education, but people should be led to independence. Even today, there are families who prefer their children at home because they can give them better preparation at home. Or so he thinks.
At the same time, there is a tendency to force adults who are self-righteous to take a step, a decision. We live in a free society and I see no reason why a parent's education should not be in the hands of a parent until a certain age. Especially at such a young age as preschool age.
There is also a question here why free? I recognize that there is a certain set of socially weak - they have confirmation of this state, they are the ones who would need a free state, at least for some time. Why not, there are not many people in the Czech Republic who are really beyond this "poverty line". However, if the family earns, there should be no problem with at least some participation - it is an investment in education that will return to the family.
Then there is the question of quality - how good would this pre-school education be if it were provided free of charge and nationwide? The quality depends on how much money the state would invest in this pre-school preparation. And the state has no money to waste, and this really wouldn't be a cheap project. The quality would be poor.
A quality public school is based primarily on motivated and qualified teachers who see a good prospect of employment in their job. That is why we will increase the salaries of teachers and other workers in education.
- source: cssd.cz
The amount of money that is set aside for teachers' salaries is today sufficient. The problem is in the efficiency of its redistribution. Today, the system is set up so that the incoming teacher takes about 14 hurry (+ -). That's a lousy salary for a college-skilled person. However, a teacher with many years of experience can climb to the limit of almost 000 gross.
If we want new, promising teachers, the system of teachers' salaries must change as follows: remove older ones and add younger ones. So reduce these scissors, due to which our education system has a "surplus" of teachers of retirement age and a shortage of young people to replace them.
There is also the question of how much money we can put on teachers' salaries. A good complementary solution could also be to transfer part of the salary to a "personal evaluation", which would be decided by the school head and where the amount allocated for this would have to be fully used.
Simply raising salaries and keeping the current system is not the answer - it does not address the shortage of young teachers or the surplus of teachers at retirement age.
Another problem is the inefficiency of money flow in education. In order to increase salaries, they need to control where, how much and what the money is sent to. There are many cases where one school received (without requesting) a subsidy twice for the purchase of new PCs (ie the school changed the PC de-facto once every six months), but did not receive a subsidy to repair locker rooms and could not use the money from the second subsidy on PCs for reconstruction. locker rooms - this would be assessed as the use of money for a purpose other than that for which it was declared, ie embezzlement. The school would then have to return the money.
Elementary school must pay special attention to children with talent, children who do not manage the first steps in school, and children with special needs.
Individual care at primary level can overcome most of these barriers and develop an individual's ability. Caring for children in need of help and support is, in line with the practice of developed countries, a fundamental step towards overcoming barriers. It is important to provide this care across the board, as it is the best defense against poverty and social exclusion and, conversely, the best way to integrate into society.
- source: cssd.cz
As for children who need support (for example due to various disabilities, etc.) there is one problem - I have confirmed from many teachers that they are already really pushing to help these children (it is associated with various subsidies, etc.) . Teachers are then forced to pay too much attention to these children, with the result that there is no time to pay attention to children with talent.
And it was the CSSD government and its minister Petra Buzková that abolished schools / classes for gifted children. It was a fatal mistake (see above).
From primary school, it is necessary to support balanced elements that teach students general and work ethic and creative problem solving. It turns out that we are still lagging behind in comparison with the most educated countries in the teaching of English, other foreign languages and in mathematics. Support for these subjects does not mean a decline in other fields.
- source: cssd.cz
The problem with teaching English and other foreign languages is that there are not enough qualified teachers. It will be difficult for English to be taught well by retrained Russian workers (also still a reality). People with education are needed. For historical reasons, however, it is mainly young people who work in the private sector instead of learning a foreign language, where they achieve better pay conditions right from the beginning of their careers.
Another problem that is overlooked here is the insufficient economic and legal subconscious of Czech society. By teaching mathematics and developing logic, you will not teach people basic legal and economic thinking.
We do not consider tuition fees to be a factor that would improve the quality of studies. We will not support its introduction in public universities.
- source: cssd.cz
Higher education is the most financially demanding type of education. Lack of money in this part of education is what reduces its quality. For quality research (which is associated with universities and colleges), quality education, quality resources for education (modern classrooms, etc.) money is needed, such an amount that the state simply does not have available.
The solution to this situation is tuition fees with a quality system of scholarships, there are many examples of functional solutions abroad, why not get inspired?
To be continued.